Gambia an irregular migration hotspot-challenges and risks

By Cosmas Kombat Lambini – #MMN Migration Expert

Figure: Migrants in distress as their boat sinks. Source: The Atlantic


The Gambia is one of the migration hotspots along the West African coast and this trend continuous to grow. It serves as an origin, transit and destinations country. Accordingly, The Gambia has enjoyed, and continues to enjoy the dividends that accrue from migration. But it has also suffered from the challenges migration poses to origin, transit and destination countries. This blog highlights on the increasing  migration trends  in The Gambia with special focus on challenges and risks. The country is one of the smallest in West Africa, with a population of about 2.3million. It has a very youthful population, with about 60% under the age of 25. Majority of the population (70%) rely on rain-fed agriculture and cannot afford improved seeds and fertilizers. The percentage of people living on less than US$1.25 a day remained unchanged from 2010 to 2015 – at around 48%. The Gambia has a low literacy rate, at 52% of the working age population, posing challenges for future transformation.

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